South-South Cooperation in health professional education: A literature review

L du toit, I Couper, W Peersman, J De Maeseneer


In the literature on the evolution of funding approaches there is criticism of traditional funding strategies and the promotion of inclusive models, such as South-South Cooperation (SSC) and triangular models. The latter are felt to have a number of advantages. This article has four broad objectives: (i) to present a literature review on the evolution of Southern approaches to development co-operation; (ii) to indicate examples of current co-operative programmes in health and health professional education in Africa; (iii) to assess the advantages and disadvantages of these models; and (iv) to mention some emerging issues in monitoring and evaluation. The Boolean logic approach was used to search for applicable literature within three topic layers. Searches were conducted using PubMed, PLoS and other accessible databases. An initial draft of the article was presented to a group of academics and researchers at the Flemish Inter-University Council (VLIR-UOS)-Primafamed annual workshop held in August 2010 in Swaziland. Comments and suggestions from the group were included in later versions of the article. It is important to note that the existence of various funding models implemented by a variety of actors makes it difficult to measure their effects. In health and health professional education, however, SSC and triangular models of aid provide conditions for more effective programming through their focus on participation and long-term involvement. With an eye towards evaluating programmes, a number of salient issues are emerging. The importance of context is highlighted.

Authors' affiliations

L du toit, Centre for Rural Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

I Couper, Ukwanda Centre for Rural Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa

W Peersman, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium

J De Maeseneer, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium

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South-South; Collaboration; Funding

Cite this article

African Journal of Health Professions Education 2017;9(1):3-8. DOI:10.7196/AJHPE.2017.v9i1.541

Article History

Date submitted: 2014-10-17
Date published: 2017-02-26

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