Promoting deeper learning in pharmacy education using team-based learning
Background. The benefit of deep learning compared with surface learning is the ability to retrieve, apply and integrate previously learnt knowledge rather than simply memorising course content most likely to be evaluated during assessments. Team-based learning (TBL) is an educational strategy that echoes the purpose of deeper learning.
Objectives. To identify whether TBL as a teaching strategy increases pharmacy students’ understanding of theoretical work.
Method. Fourth-year pharmacy students completed a questionnaire consisting of biographical data (gender, age and ethnicity) and 16 questions on their understanding of course content. A total of 183 students (91.5%) participated after giving informed consent that their data may be included in the study.
Results. The results indicated that, due to the implementation of TBL in the course, students perceived that they learnt more and made more effort, experienced increased understanding of content, perceived higher knowledge retention, performed better during assessments in the module where TBL was implemented and felt that course outcomes were achieved more easily.
Conclusion. TBL as a teaching strategy could potentially promote deeper learning of course content.
M J Eksteen, Division Health Sciences Education, Office of the Dean, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa; Centre for Health Professional Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
G M Reitsma, Centre for Health Professional Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
E Fourie, Statistical Consultation Services, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
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Date published: 2021-07-21
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